Indonesia lies between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean straddling the Equator. It is the world's largest island country, with more than seventeen thousand islands. It is the world's fourth most populous country, as well as the most populous Muslim-majority country. Java is the world's most populous island, and contains more than half of the country's population.
Living in Indonesia
This culturally diverse corner of Southeast Asia maintains a rich tradition of music, art, dance, story-telling and craft, and offers a rich and varied lifestyle for expats. A sensory overload is something expats arriving in Indonesia might experience. For those moving to Jakarta, a big, grey city with a population of more than 12 million, this is especially true. Common sights in Indonesia are poverty and shanty towns and this might contribute to culture shock and prove to make expats’ adjustment to life in Indonesia difficult. In stark contrast to the slums are the more modern office buildings that scrape the sky in Jakarta.
Politics in Indonesia
Indonesia is a republic with a presidential system. As a unitary state, power is concentrated in the central government. Indonesian political and governmental structures have undergone major reforms following the resignation of President Suharto in 1998.
The president of Indonesia is the head of government and the head of state, commander-in-chief of Tentara Nasional Indonesia (Indonesian National Armed Forces), and the director of domestic governance, policy-making, and foreign affairs. A council of ministers is appointed by the president, who is not required to be elected members of the legislature.
The 2004 presidential election was the first in which the people directly elected the president and vice-president.
Indonesia has a population of over 260 million people, more than 300 different ethnicities and languages. It also has the largest Muslim population in the world. People, especially expats doing business in Indonesia will find themselves in an extremely unique and diverse country.
Indonesia is Southeast Asia’s largest economy. It has emerged relatively unscathed from the global economic downturn and in recent years has experienced steady economic growth. The country is rich in natural resources. It has acquired much of its wealth from gas, oil and other mining activities, at the same time services make up the majority of Indonesia’s GDP. Agriculture plays an important role in the Indonesian economy.
Buying or Renting Property in Indonesia
Expats have a wide variety of options to choose from when it comes to finding an accommodation in Indonesia. Most expats prefer to rent property rather than buy a place in Indonesia.
Foreigners aren’t exactly allowed to own land in Indonesia. It's possible to purchase a house or apartment without owning the land it is built on, but this is quite often still a difficult process.
Irrespective of which part of the world you come from, finding apartments that match your taste isn’t difficult. Hundreds of hours of commuting time per year can be saved by securing accommodation close to one's place of work.
Visa and Immigration
Writer Relocations provides visa and immigration services for Indonesia and many other countries across the globe. You can get in touch with our executives for further assistance.
Education in Indonesia is compulsory for a total of nine years. Education starts from six years of primary school education, which begins when a child is six or seven known as Sekolah Dasar. This is followed by three years of secondary school education, which begins at the age of 12 or 13.
Students join high school for another three years. Some children choose to quit studies after this to find a job.
In general, students who have graduated from high school will go directly to university (Universitas). However, some students drop out and opt for pre-university or associate degrees due to either financial constraints or academic stress.
Expats prefer sending their children to international schools. Here’s where you can look up for international schools for your child in Indonesia.
Weather in Indonesia
Indonesia has a tropical climate. The weather here is hot and humid all year round, but it is cooler inland than along the coastal regions. For expats moving to Indonesia from cooler climates, the high temperatures and humidity (ranging from 70 to 90 percent) are certainly something that takes getting used to.
Indonesia doesn't experience the four distinct seasons of spring, summer, autumn and winter, with temperatures staying quite constant throughout the year. Coastal regions get an average temperature around 28°C (82°F) while the inland and mountain areas average around 26°C (79°F) year-round. From December to March there is the monsoon season which brings heavy rains, and can make travel around the country difficult. Tropical storms can also affect the country between September and December, causing major travel disruptions. The most pleasant time of year is the dry season, from April to October, and is the best time to visit.
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